1) The gorilla named Koko was able to:A) communicate using about 170 signs from the American Sign Language (ASL)B) learn how to drive a car and fl y an airplaneC) learn to program a computer using the computer language called FORTRAND) speak and communicate by using over 100 English wordsE) write her own name and verbally communicate her needs to humans5) Linguistic anthropologists find that people who are forced to abandon their native language and culture:A) are better off socially and economicallyB) easily regain both in 100 yearsC) all speak EnglishD) begin to lose their self-esteemUnit 2 Examination6) Noam Chomsky suggests humans are born with a brain prewired to enable us to acquire languages easily. This prewiring is referred to as:A) infinite modelB) functional templateC) universal grammarD) syntax8) Edward B. Tylor, who published a major book entitled Primitive Culture in1871, is recognized as the first:A) person to formulate laws of human behaviorB) scientist to suggest a scenario for human evolutionC) scholar appointed to an academic position in anthropologyD) anthropologist to live with primitive peoples in order to study them9) Lewis Henry Morgan was a lawyer and banker of the late 19th century whose principal scholarship in anthropology was concerned with:A) archaeology of the American IndiansB) language acquisitionC) systems of human kinshipD) human physical variation10) The body of anthropological theory concerned with the spread of technology,religion, economic systems, art forms, and other expressions of culture isknown as:A) particularismB) diffusionismC) idealismD) functionalismUnit 2 Examination11) Grafton Eliot Smith and William Perry, major fi gures associated with the school of British diffusionism in the early 20th century, proposed that:A) all aspects of civilization derived from the culture of ancient EgyptB) culture?s principal function is establishing institutions to guide behaviorC) a culture can only be interpreted in the context of its own historical developmentD) each culture has a key personality type13) The neo-evolutionists? perspective differed from the nineteenth-century evolutionists?ideas in a number of ways. The neo-evolutionists:A) assumed a unilineal direction for society from savagery to barbarism to civilizationB) assumed that civilization was the pinnacle of sociocultural developmentC) did not assume that sociocultural evolution toward complexity was alwaysequated with progressD) were ethnocentric and racist in their approach to understanding cultural evolutionand complexity14) Conducting unstructured and structured interviews, talking with key informants, making naturalistic observations, engaging in participant observation, and collecting quantitative and qualitative data are all parts of a research design:A) in ethnographic fi eldworkB) that attempts to uncover ecofacts that infl uence culturesC) to avoid getting culture shockD) of sociologists but not anthropologists15) Studies of hunter-gatherer groups often include an investigation of the maximumpopulation that a specifi c environment can support, or what is calledthe ________, in order to understand population change and distribution.A) population burdenB) fecundityC) life expectancyD) niche loadE) carrying capacityUnit 2 Examination17) Ethnologist Leonard Pospisil has suggested that there are four criteria thatmust be present in order for a norm to be considered a law. Which of thefollowing is not one of these criteria?A) obligationB) authorityC) sanctionD) intention of universal applicationE) internalization20) If you discovered a society in which males and females participated equally in political decisions, where females were treated with the same respect as males, and where there was little evidence of male domination or maltreatment of women, you would probably be in a/an ________ culture.A) amorphousB) hierarchicalC) anarchicalD) egalitarianE) patrilineal
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