Corroboration and Refutation custom essay

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The essay is about finding two quotes in article 1, and then find one quote in article 6 or 7 or 8 which agrees with the first quote.The second qoute must disagree with any qoute from articles 6 or 7 or 8.

Article1
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9504E3D6153FF930A15757C0A9609C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all
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Tuesday, May 18, 2010
Fudging the Facts on a Résumé Is Common, and Also a Big Risk
By DAVID KOEPPEL
Published: April 23, 2006
A Brooklyn administrative assistant was recently caught turning a two-day stint as an office temp into an 18-month job as a data entry operator. The fabrication was discovered when the applicant sent her résumé to Margaret Johnson, director of operations for MetSchools, an organization that serves children in New York City with special needs. On her résumé, the applicant asserted that from 2000 to 2002 she was employed by Women for Hire, a Manhattan-based organization that coordinates job fairs around the country — and whose chief executive, coincidentally, is Ms. Johnson’s sister-in-law, Tory Johnson. ”She immediately called me to ask what I had to say about this woman, and I said I never heard of her,” Tory Johnson said. ”I was stunned by her arrogance.” The applicant received a pointed e-mail retort from Margaret Johnson.
Misrepresentations like this are becoming increasingly common, job experts say. Lying on a résumé to enhance a mediocre educational or employment record is hardly new. But several recent surveys, as well as anecdotal reports from hiring managers and recruiters, indicate that, disturbingly, résumé falsehoods are on the rise, and that they are just as likely to come from high-profile chief executives as recent college graduates. A study conducted by ResumeDoctor.com, a résumé-writing service based in Burlington, Vt., found that 43 percent of the more than 1,100 résumés examined had one or more ”significant inaccuracies,” while 13 percent had two or more.
Michael Worthington, the co-founder of ResumeDoctor explains that the most common resume transgressions could be found in three areas: education, job title and dates of employment. He and other job experts insist that job seekers can sell themselves successfully without resorting to exaggeration and half-truths. Gaps in employment, both short term and long term, can be more easily explained than in the past, Mr. Worthington said. Losing a job to downsizing or layoffs has less of a stigma, and many employers are more sympathetic to time off taken for personal and family reasons. Job candidates who have not graduated from college or completed work toward a higher degree should not try to fudge it, the experts say. A résumé should indicate if applicants are a few credits short and when and if they plan to complete the degree. Some job seekers claim job titles they never had, even though they performed many of the duties the title might suggest. The solution, some hiring managers say, is not to say you were a producer if you were an associate producer, but to stress that you had the responsibilities and duties of a producer.
Résumé embellishers may also want to refrain from lies for the simple reason that it is easier than ever to catch cheating. A simple Google search can often turn up a wealth of information on a prospective employee. A 2005 survey conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management showed that 40 percent of human resource professionals had increased the time they spent checking references since 2002, and 52 percent said they contracted out at least part of the background checking to professionals.
So why risk lying on your résumé? And why does the phenomenon seem more prevalent than in the past? Hiring managers cite a myriad of reasons. Many people are desperate and feel financial pressure to land a job, while some are confident that ”white lies” will not be discovered. Karen N. Danziger, executive vice president of the Howard-Sloan-Koller Group, a New York recruiting agency for media and publishing professionals, suspects that job seekers have adopted a mentality of ”if they can do it, I can do it,” given the prevalence of cheating. Rafet Kaplan, the Northeast bureau chief for the Fox News Channel, who has been responsible for hiring at several companies, said: ”I think it’s a baseline insecurity. They want to look and feel better about themselves.” He said his company conducted extensive background checks to root out résumé prevaricators.
Article 6
http://www.eresumes.com/resume-lying.html
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Lying On Your Resume

Embellishment is a common–and risky–practice.
By Jim Owen
Eager to win that coveted position, job seekers are sometimes tempted to be “creative” when writing their resumes. But that doesn’t surprise Edward C. Andler.
“Cheating on resumes has become distressingly common,” says Andler, a “resume detective” and the author of The Complete Reference Checking Handbook, published by Amacom Books. “And many people are getting by with it, which appears to be making others follow suit.”
Increasingly, experts like Andler are being hired by U.S. companies, who want to hire truthful employees and who are eager to avoid costly lawsuits arising from crimes committed by workers hired without reference checks.
Andler’s own surveys suggest that as many as one-third of all resume writers exaggerate their accomplishments, while up to 10 percent “seriously misrepresent” their background or work histories. In some fields, such as sales, the numbers are even higher.
“So many people are getting by with inflating their resumes that sometimes honest people feel like they also have to do it just to keep up,” Andler says.
Typical “enhancements” include the addition of fictional degrees, bogus job titles, vastly inflated responsibilities and changing dates of employment to bridge periods of unemployment.
The Internet, with its many links to questionable firms offering embossed, certified “diplomas” for sale, may even be contributing to resume fraud, according to Michael G. Kessler Associates, a corporate investigation firm in New York.
Some resume lies, such as phony degrees, are easy to track. Other fabrications, particularly those that just stretch the truth, are harder to detect. “Most companies will only give you dates of employment, and that’s it, no details,” Andler says.
But Andler says he has other techniques that nearly always ferret out lies on resumes. Questioning former colleagues and other probing often reveals clues to past performance and potential problems.
Still, many get away with their fabrications. And that, according to Andler, is why so many people continue the practice.
“Our message to people who cheat is just don’t do it,” says Andler. “We may not catch up with you now, but sooner or later, somebody will.”
Jim Owen is a freelance journalist who has written extensively for newspapers and magazines for over a decade.
Article 7
http://blogs.techrepublic.com.com/career/?p=243
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Are you embellishing your resume or just plain lying?
• Date: January 7th, 2008
• Author: Toni Bowers

Most people embellish their resumes. In fact, there’s quite an art to wording accomplishments so that they appear better than they actually were.
But if you’re not exactly forthright about your education or dates of employment at previous companies-facts that are easy to check–you could be cutting your own throat.
Is it fudging or is it fraud?
Careerbuilder.com surveyed a group of hiring managers and found that 57 percent said they have found a lie on a candidate’s application, even though only 5 percent of workers admitted to falsifying information. Ninety-three percent of managers who caught an applicant lying did not hire that person.
So what is harmless “padding” and what is out and out dishonesty? A recent article in The Christian Science Monitor warns that you should never assume that a hiring manager or an HR person is not going to check your facts, and that they won’t make judgments about your character based on those misquoted “facts.” You may even be hired on the basis of the information you give, but there’s no statute of limitations on when you can be subsequently canned if the info is proven to be false.
I was once asked by a hiring manager about a person whose resume mentioned that he used to work at a company I used to work for. Since the company is now defunct there was no way to verify the employment. But I’d been there for ten years, knew everyone there, and also knew that this guy had never been employed there. Freakish coincidence, but it can happen.
Resume fraud can happen at all levels too, it seems. The Christian Science Monitor article cites two high-profile cases of resume fraud:
• Marilee Jones, dean of admissions at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, resigned after an investigation revealed that she did not hold the academic degrees she had claimed.
• David Edmonson, CEO of Radio Shack, resigned after a Texas newspaper reported that his résumé listed a college degree he did not have.
I’m not sure why someone in a relatively high-profile position would think they could get away with stuff like that, especially in a day and age where someone’s personal information is so readily available. But of course, presidential hopefuls do it all the time.
Article 8
http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/never_lie_or_embellish_the_real_you_when_writing_your_resume
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Never Lie or Embellish the “Real You” When Writing Your Resume
by Mark Suss
I have been in the People Business for over 26 years and in this span of time have read, along with my staff, over 30,000 resumes. These have come from people in every segment of the work force but primarily, these resumes are from Executives and Managers. You would think the people that have attained this level of success would understand that honesty is always the best policy when writing their resume. Yet, too often I find this not to be true. Many people either lie or embellish their resumes which often can, and most often, does lead to problems.
If caught in a lie, it can lead to a loss of your salary and job, a professional business license, or even worse, your integrity and credibility.
Many people do it so often that in many cases, what was once a lie now becomes reality….in their mind, and then what happens is it becomes harder for them to separate fact from fiction.
I see this most often with Education. People lie about degrees, years they graduated or attended College, and most often that they attended College, got a degree when in fact, they never attended at all. It is so easy for a prospective employer to check on educational background with all the on-line services, that lying about one’s education is most definitely the “road to career ruin”.
The other area many people embellish are dates they list as having worked in a particular job and/or company. They try to erase gaps in employment due to a layoff or termination. Again, most prospective employers due reference checks, and not always with the people the prospective employee lists. At times, a call into a former company is made without any knowledge of the potential new employee.
The bottom line is never lie and never embellish. You never know where, or when, you will run into someone from your old company who has something to tell different then the story you tell on your resume.
Please include the authors name, date and anything important, and without plagiarism.Thank you.

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