Development Throughout the Lifespan Academic Essay

Erikson and Freud are two of the few theorists who have developed a lifespan approach to development. Freuds approach to development was psychosexual while Eriksons was psychosocial. Even though Freuds theory is better known, Eriksons theory remains a leading and very much applied model in personality and developmental psychology today. When considering these two stage-oriented theories, you can directly compare the majority of their stages. These are matched in the following table: Approximate Age Freuds Stages of Psychosexual Development Eriksons Stages of Psychosocial development Infancy (Birth to 1 year) Oral stage Trust versus mistrust Early childhood (13 years) Anal stage Autonomy versus doubt Preschool (36 years) Phallic stage Initiative versus guilt School age (711 years) Latent period Industry versus inferiority Adolescence (1218 years) Genital stage Identity versus role confusion Young adulthood (1940 years) Intimacy versus isolation Middle adulthood (4065 years) Generativity versus stagnation Older adulthood (65death) Integrity versus despair When considering Eriksons eight stages of development, the way a person moves through each stage directly affects their success in the next stage. Their personality is being built and shaped with each stage. At each stage, there is a turning point, called a crisis by Erikson, which a person must confront. In this assignment, you will observe or interviewtwodifferent people, each at a different stage of development. For athirdobservation, take a look at yourself and the stage that you are in (this stage must be different from your other two observations). Record your three observations in a template. Include the following information: Name Age Gender Current developmental stage Status within the stage (i.e., identity achievement or role confusion) Events that have lead to this status Download a Development Template from theDoc Sharingarea to record your observations. Summarize what you have learned about psychosocial development through these observations/interviews. Summarize the trends you see in your observations/interviews regarding psychosocial development. How does movement through Eriksons stages influence personality development? Again, be specific. How do Eriksons stages of development compare to Freuds stages? How are they similar? How are they different? Between these two theories, which one do you feel best explains your own personality development? Justify your answers with specific examples.

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