Readings Course Text: Schmalleger, F. (2016).Criminal justice: A brief introduction(11th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Pearson Education Inc Chapter 7, The Courts Chapter 8, The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial Chapter 9, Sentencing Optional Resources Readings Article: Mazur, R., & Aldrich, L. (2003). What makes a domestic violence court work? Lessons from New York. Judges Journal, 42(2), 542. Retrieved fromhttp://www.courtinnovation.org/pdf/whatmakesdvcourtwork.pdf Online Article: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2004). The justice system: What is the sequence of events in the criminal justice system? Retrieved fromhttp://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/ Websites National Center for State Courts: Specialty Courts InfoCenter http://www.ncsc.org/Information-and-Resources.aspx This Website provides links to information about the specialty courts in the United States, such as drug and municipal courts. Criminal Case Processing Criminal case processing often is described as a funnel or a sieve. The funnelcaptures the notion that fewer and fewer cases proceed deep into the criminal process. The sieve conveys the idea that at every stage, cases drop out of the criminal court process. These metaphors can be misleading because the actual number of cases moving from one stage of the court process to another can vary by the nature of the charge, by jurisdiction, and/or through discretionary decisions made by judges and others. No matter the number of cases that do go through the courts, judges and prosecutors follow the rule of law but also have an enormous amount of discretion in their decision making. Criminal case processing includes numerous players, from professional staffwho keep the courtroom secure and provide judges with information on defendants and the nature of their current and past offensesto other personnel who provide services to defendants, victims, and their families while the case is being processed. To prepare for this Discussion: Select either a historical or contemporary high-profile criminal case to use for this Discussion. Keep it in mind as you review the Learning Resources. Review Chapters 7 and 8 in your course text, Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction. Focus on aspects of criminal court processing and proceedings, both pretrial- and trial-related, as well as concepts related to these processes and proceedings. Review Chapter 9 in your course text, Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction, and focus on the issues surrounding sentencing and how they relate to the case you selected. Review the Criminal Justice System flowchart in the front matter of the course text. Consider how the case you selected moved through the system and where the defining moments of the case took place. Think about your case and review in your mind the various concepts, processes, and proceedings illustrated by the case. With these thoughts in mind: Post by Day4 a brief description of the high-profile case you selected, including the court system involved (state or federal). Then explain the procedures that occurred during the court case and why they occurred. Be specific and use examples to illustrate your points. Finally, explain one actual or potential ethical or diversity issue that might have impacted the outcome of the case. Be specific. Note: Include the name of the case that you selected in the first line of your post. You will be asked to respond to a colleague who discussed a different case than the one that you did. Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.