– Discussion 1: Why was The Family of Charles IV Goya’s last royal portrait? Review the section on Goya in the textbook and in the e-Activities before responding to the following:
o Although the queen declared the family portrait to be “the best of all paintings,” art critics have described the painting as everything from an unmasking of evil to a revelation of stupidity, pomposity, and vulgarity, and finally to the most unflattering family portrait ever made. Based on what you have read and heard about The Family of Charles IV painting itself and the people depicted in it, explain whether or not you believe the painting is a “fair” representation of the royal family.
o Explain why you think Goya painted himself into the royal family’s portrait.
o The Family of Charles IV is often discussed in conjunction with Las Meninas by Vel – zquez; give at least two reasons why a person looking at Goya’s painting might be reminded of the one painted by Vel-zquez.
o Speculate as to whether or not you see a connection between the last portrait Goya painted for the royal family and the morbid, bizarre, witchcraft-inspired paintings (such as Saturn Devouring One of His Children) that he did in his later years as a painter; explain your reasoning.
– Discussion 2: Who-in-the-Dickens Was Darwin? People are generally surprised to learn that the great Victorian fiction-writer Charles Dickens accepted the evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin and that the theory of evolution is clearly present in Dicken’s novel, Bleak House. Review the information on Charles Darwin in the textbook and in the e-activities before responding to the following:
o According to the process of natural selection, certain organisms are able to increase rapidly over time by retaining traits conducive to their survival and by eliminating those that are less favorable to survival. Using the theory of natural selection, explain why there are no brown rabbits in the Arctic regions.
o Darwin held the opinion that the “mental power in man must be above that of women” (even though Darwin did admit that he thought having a wife was slightly “better than a dog”). Explain your initial reaction when you read Darwin’s opinion about women.
o In his 1859 book, The Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of the Favored Races in the Struggle for Life (the full title), Darwin saw the natives of Australia, all Asians, and everyone of African descent as currently being at the same developmental level as gorillas and claimed that it was essential to prevent these races from multiplying and, if possible, to bring these races to total extinction so they could not defeat the “Favored Races” in the fight for survival. Explain your initial reaction when you read Darwin’s opinion and recommendations concerning the races which he regarded as different and inferior.
o If you had an opportunity to speak with Charles Darwin and could ask him only one question, identify the question you would want to ask and explain why you would want to ask him that one (1) question.
– To prepare for the lecture and Discussion 1, students are to go to the “Closer Look” area in MyArtsLab and watch “Chapter 27: Goya’s Family of Charles IV.”
– To prepare for the same discussion, students are also to go to “Explore the Web” for Chapter 27 in MyArtsLab and click on “Francisco de Goya and the Spanish Enlightenment.” e-Activity: Better with Beethoven
– Students are to go to “Explore the Web” for Chapter 28 in MyArtsLab and click on “ClassicalNet: Ludwig van Beethoven” as preparation for the lecture and discussion.
e-Activity: Darwin and Creation
– To prepare for the lecture and Discussion 2, students are to go to “Explore the Web” for Chapter 28 in MyArtsLab and click on “American Museum of Natural History: Charles Darwin.”
– To prepare for the same discussion, students should also look through the various links of the Human Genome Project at http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/publicat/tko/index.html.
– Though not required, students may also want to watch online the nearly two-hour full-length movie, Creation, about Darwin’s life at http://stagevu.com/video/ckiwvoziizpx. (Note: In order to watch the free movie online, students may need to install the most current DivX Web
Player.) Because the Creation film has been deemed “too controversial” for release in the U.S., students may prefer watching a two-minute trailer of the movie at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l3VOa2F_BzM.
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