Factors Affecting Conflict and Its Resolution: Intrapsychic and Personal Introduction In previous weeks, you encountered social psychological theories and processes/responses that contribute to an understanding of conflict and may lead to its successful resolution. Now, as promised, you will revisit social psychology in the form of intrapsychic and personal factors that impact conflict and its resolution. Specifically, you will consider bias (both of the parties in conflict and any third party involved) and its effects on the resolution process and its outcome. You also will examine the interaction of emotion and conflict, seeing how they affect one another and the resolution of conflict. Finally, you will explore the role of personality and its effects on conflict, as well as how an understanding of personality’s effects can contribute to conflict resolution. Learning Outcomes By the end of this week, you should be able to: Analyze the effect of judgmental bias, emotions, and personality on conflict and its resolution ****The ASSIGNMENT: Intrapsychic and Personal Factors In this Assignment, you will examine two of three intrapsychic or personal factors that impact conflict and its resolution. The first is bias. Personal beliefs and cognitions may lead to misperceptions and misunderstandings that may, if undetected and unidentified, have detrimental effects on attempts at resolution. A second factor is emotion. Emotions can have positive and negative effects on conflict and its resolution and, conversely, conflict and its resolution impacts emotions. This interaction between conflict and emotions occurs at all levels of conflict, from the interpersonal to the international. Personality is a third factor that affects conflict and its resolution. However conceptualized, and whatever the theory that explains it, personality influences behavior during conflict and attempts to resolve it. Understanding the role of personality and personality differences can provide information valuable to the successful resolution of a conflict. To prepare for this assignment: Select two of the three intrapsychic or personal factors covered in this week’s readings from your course text, The Handbook of Conflict Resolution: bias, emotion, and personality. The assignment: (2 pages) Briefly describe your Final Project conflict, its central issues, and the parties involved. ** (I have included part of the paper below…***Please use that as your reference for this paper and its conflicts.)** For two of the three intrapsychic or personal psychological factors that you selected, respond to each of the bulleted items related to the factors. Be sure to relate each factor specifically to your conflict. Bias Explain the importance of understanding bias as it relates to conflict and conflict resolution. Describe two biases that might arise in your conflict and why you think each might arise (whether or not consciously or detected). For each bias, explain how it might come into play and what its effect might be on the conflict itself and/or its resolution. Explain two ways that you might reduce or eliminate each bias that you selected. Emotions Explain why an understanding of emotions as they relate to conflict and its resolution is important. Describe one negative and one positive emotion likely to arise or be present in resolving your conflict. Explain the probable effect of each emotion on the conflict, and vice versa. Explain in terms of your specific conflict. Explain two ways by which you might either intervene with the emotion, control negative emotions, and/or foster positive emotions in your specific conflict situation. Personality Explain why an understanding of personality is useful as it relates to conflict and conflict resolution. Describe two ideas, one from each of two theories, that are useful in accounting for reactions and behaviors in your conflict resolution situation and explain why. Explain how you might use information about personality to enhance the possibility of positive results. PLEASE USE THE PAPER BELOW AS REFERENCE FOR THIS PAPER. ***The Darfur Conflict It has been almost a decade since the eruption of a bloody conflict in Darfur, Sudan’s western region, a period of well-armed, well-financed and well-organized civil war. The crisis in this region of Sudan is neither a case of human catastrophe nor an accidental disaster that humanitarian efforts can remedy. The situation on the ground is far from what is reaching the world through what many Sudanese claim to be a combination of sensationalist and often lazy media coverage. The world/international community believes that the situation is simply a case of conflict between the non-Arab/black African South and the Arabs/Muslim North (Malek 2005). The truth is that the Darfur conflict and destabilization, like many in sub-Saharan Africa is ethnically-driven and can be traced back to as early as the 1960s when the Zagawa and Rizigat conflict emerged. This marked the beginning of different inter-tribal conflicts that have characterized the landscape every decade since then as well as attracted both terrorist and extremist organizations. In the book “Sword and Fire in Sudan”, Rudolf Slatin, a British colonial administrator cites similar tribal conflicts and incidents when he was serving as a governor in the region in the 19th century. In the past, such situations were remedied by inter-tribal conferences as well as reconciliation that often reached solutions that were mutually acceptable. The modern judicial system from the 1970s onwards served to weaken this very effective native administration that provided effective local solutions (SudaNews, 2005, p.2). According to Netabay (2009), the situation in Darfur is a quagmire. The region seems to provide a problem for every possible solution sought so far. Period of seemingly effective ceasefire agreements are broken by sporadic violence fueled the main players, the north-leaning government troops or the fragmented rebel groups of the south. As such, the situation presents no guaranteed or easy answer. However, it is possible to transform the violence into something that is more constructive (Lederach 2003). This is because the people of Darfur all have a common ground. Traditionally, the farmers and the nomads living here have depended on one another for their survival. The farmers relied on the nomad’s herd to transport their harvest to the market as well as fertilize their land while the nomads relied on the farmlands for grazing and watering their cattle. This has changed with neither group seeing reconciliation in sight. Conflict transformation will ensure constructive change initiatives that will guarantee a horizon of the peace efforts that the region is seeking. In order to determine the most effective way of going about this, this project will examine the Darfur conflict through the conflict resolution’s psychological theories (Deutsch, Coleman & Marcus, 2006, p.437). Reference Deutsch, M., Coleman, P. T. & Marcus, E. C. (2006). The Handbook of conflict resolution: theory and practice. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons. Lederach, J. P. (2003, October). Conflict Transformation. Retrieved October 9, 2010,
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