NHPA Disease Essay

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PLEASE USE AUSTRALIAN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS AND SHOULD BE 2005 – 2011!!! 2004 BELOW IS NOT ACCEPTABLE. NO FOREIGN JOURNALS AS POSSIBLE PLEASE AS IT RESULTS TO FAILURE.

POPULATION HEALTH EPIDEMIOLOGY
ASSESSMENT: REPORT
COURSE: NURSING
2500 WORDS HARVARD REFERENCING
ALL AUSTRALIAN REFERENCES

TO THE WRITER: PLEASE LET ME KNOW FIRST WHICH PARTICULAR NHPA DISEASE ARE YOU GOING TO REPORT. THANK YOU.

OBJECTIVES:
This assessment item relates to the course learning outcomes 1 to 6.
1.Identify and discuss the importance and significance of the national and international health priority areas and environmental issues in the health of populations;
2.Demonstrate an understanding of the epidemiological methods used to measure the health of populations, including health indicators for wellness and ill-health;
3.Demonstrate knowledge in statistics and apply that knowledge to health services using an epidemiological model;
4.Recognise and discuss the importance and significance of the health indicators in a population;
5.Analyse and interpret epidemiological investigations, discuss their quality and design, and identify their relevance to a population; and
6.Demonstrate an informed professional approach to monitoring the health of populations, including planning and undertaking epidemiology studies.

BACKGROUND

“National Health Priority Areas (NHPAs) are diseases and conditions chosen for focused attention at a national level because of their significant contribution to the burden of illness and injury in the Australian community.

The eight NHPAs identified for particular attention are:
· Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions Essay
· Asthma Essay
· Cancer control Essay
· Cardiovascular health Essay
· Diabetes mellitus Essay
· Injury prevention and control Essay
· Mental health Essay
· Obesity Essay

The NHPA initiative, established in 1996, is a program emphasising collaborative action between Commonwealth and State and Territory government, non-government organisations, health experts, clinicians and consumers, for specific diseases and conditions. The initiative recognises that the strategies for reducing the burden of illness should be luralistic, encompassing the continuum of care from prevention through to
treatment, management and maintenance, and based on appropriate research and data sources. The initiative is overseen by the National Health Priority Action Council (NHPAC).

By targeting specific areas that impose high social and financial costs on Australian society, collaborative action can achieve significant and cost-effective advances in improving the health status of Australians. The diseases and conditions targeted under the NHPA initiative were chosen because through appropriate and focused attention significant gains in the health of Australia’s population can be achieved.” (AIHW, 2011,
p.1)

In your future professional roles you will be dealing with these priority areas often at an individual level. You may be nursing patients with cancer or who have suffered falls, you may be working to address workplace injuries or bullying, or you may be working in the community as a diabetes educator or in a screening program. You may even be working in developing policies for an organization or government department to address these areas. Health priority areas can be addressed at many different levels across many sectors of health from clinical treatment through to primary and secondary prevention.

YOUR TASK:

From one of the National Health Priority Areas, choose a disease or injury, then choose one of the following perspectives for addressing that disease or injury in Australia:
•Modifying policy
•Modifying the physical environment
•Modifying individual behavior

For example, you may choose mental health as the NHPA and look at a behavioural intervention to address post-natal depression, you may choose a particular type of workplace injury and look at a change to the physical environment that may reduce the incidence, or you may choose obesity and look at a policy response like banning free toys with children’s meals at fast food restaurants.

Utilising your chosen perspective, compile a report to:

1. Outline the impact of one of the disease or injury on population health by quantitatively describing the impact on the population as a whole and the differential impact on particular groups within the population over the lifespan or across geographical locations. (Make use of charts and/or tables as necessary in order to illustrate your point).

2. Based on your perspective, identify a target group (the population at risk of that disease or injury) and outline an intervention which might be used to address that issue in your local community.

3. Provide a clear statement of the purpose of the intervention and how effective it may be (providing evidence from peer reviewed research literature).

4. Discuss how your chosen intervention would best be ‘trialed’/’piloted’ to ascertain the impact on injury of your target population (You will need to discuss study design, sample selection, data collection methods etc).

Reference
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2011, Health Priority Areas, viewed 24 October,
2011, http://www.aihw.gov.au/health-priority-areas-faq/

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