Policemen of the world

Introduce your paper with your previously crafted thesis statement. Discuss two (2) international events involving the US military from the past five (5) years that can be traced back to a foreign policy created after the Civil War. Discuss three (3) aspects of US history since 1865 that has led to the USs rise as a world super power policeman. Identify three to five (3-5) international incidents since World War II where America has taken on a policing role. Determine three to five (3-5) driving forces that fueled international policy decisions involving the international incidents you outlined previously. (Consider treaties, exit strategies, elections, wars, etc.) Use at least three (3) academic references besides or in addition to the textbook.Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resourcesW D A H 2 Thesis The United States militarys role as a global policemen continues to be exemplified in various ways around the world today. These actions have signified the major role the US plays in Middle Eastern politics, as well as in the rest of the world. For instance, the US has acted militarily in Libya in 2011, and The ongoing war in Syria, acting to stop autocratic regimes from hurting their people, and protecting American interests at the same time. (i) In 2011, amidst the Arab spring that had started in neighboring Tunisia, the Libyan started protests against their longtime leader, Muammar Gaddafi, which quickly became deadly. This was after the government started bombing and shooting protestors, and they then had to resort to their own ways of self-defense. However, despite their best efforts at this, they could not compete with the government machinery, and the world had to contend with large scale slaughter of Libyan opposition fighters. It is against this backdrop that the US and its allies stepped into the country, establishing a no fly zone, and bombing regime targets. These measures decisively turned the tide in the rebels favor, and Muammar Gaddafi was finally defeated and killed in August 2011. (ii) At around the same time, the US became involved in the Syrian war, which was in part inspired by the same reasons as Libya. The war, which is still ongoing, has become a complex mix of alliances and rivalries between regional, European and International powers, Russia and the US. American role in the conflict, while not stemming the tide against their allies on the ground, has been significant, and has involved sending military advisers and weapons to their allies in Syria, as well as bombing the so called Islamic State positions in Syria and Iraq. Additionally, the US has provided leadership in efforts to mediate a peaceful settlement to the war. These measures have served to further American values of freedom to the Middle East, and also safeguard their interests in the region too. Whereas these actions have been met with controversy, it has been double sided. And while in the case of Libya, America managed to get a cohesive international coalition against Gaddafi, with little opposition from home, the war in Syria has been different. The government has been seen as doing too little to help American allies in Syria with lethal weapons and training in some quarters, while, others, traditionally wary of interventionist policies of the government, have been demanding that the government desist from greater entanglement in the conflict. These two positions are products of viewpoints that have been developed in America since the Civil War, and through to the WWII, when America finally became the dominant power in the Western world. On one hand, there are those who view the US as effectively being the worlds policemen, having already intervened in Iraq in 1991, Vietnam in the 1960s, among others. Others, who still follow the advice of the Founding Fathers, are against foreign pacts and alliances, and other entanglements that can somehow be disadvantageous to the US. (Stephens, 2014) The countries that have been the subject for this intervention have also not always have been unanimous in their support of US involvement. In Syria, the governments opposition to this, and their support at the UNSC have limited American intervention to airstrikes, military strategists and humanitarian aid. In Libya, this has already led to the loss of critical staff in Benghazi, when the American ambassador and other staff guarding the embassy were murdered when a mob ransacked the premises, apparently supported by terrorists. There a number of issues that have given the US its dominant role in global affairs These include: In the years around 1865, America became the worlds foremost economic power. This gave America wide influence in other areas as well, as it was able to face up opponents in its expansionist quest, from Spain, to Mexico, and purchase of Alaska from Russia. Additionally, American opposition to new imperialism by European powers led to extension of American power to the Caribbean, South East Asia, and South America. The cold war as well polarized the world, and capitalist countries coalesced around the US. This enabled America to be the leader of this grouping, and project that power in the containment of communism. (Boyle, 2014) The US has taken policing roles in the world on numerous occasions since WWII, in its moralist approach to foreign relations, and to contain communist ideology during the cold war. For instance: (i) In 1991, the US intervened in the gulf war, so as to drive out Iraqi forces from Kuwait, which they had invaded. (ii) In the late 1990s, the US, together with allied forces, carried out airstrikes on Serbian forces and other Serbian forces, who were reported to be carrying out war crimes in Kosovo. (iii) In Afghanistan in 2001, the US launched war on the Taliban, who were harboring terrorists attacking American interests both at home and abroad. These can be termed as policing roles since the US military intervened to stop crimes being committed, to punish those committing these crimes, and to restore law and order. (History, 2009) These interventions have been fuelled by: American pacts with other countries, as the case with Serbia. This intervention was taken in concert with Nato, a military alliance launched after WWII. Sometimes, intervention has been to protect American interests abroad, as was the case with Afghanistan. In other instances, American military forces have acted to preserve their geo political advantage, as well as secure economic interests, as was the case during the gulf war of 1991, which also had the objective to secure oil supplies from this region. References Boyle, J. (2014, March 7). What are 3 aspects of U.S. history since 1865 that have led to the U.S.s rise as a world super power? Retrieved from Quora: https://www.quora.com/What-are-3-aspects-of-U-S-history-since-1865-that-have-led-to-the-U-S-s-rise-as-a-world-super-power History. (2009). PERSIAN GULF WAR. Retrieved from History: http://www.history.com/topics/persian-gulf-war Stephens, B. (2014, November 15). Yes, America Should Be the Worlds Policeman. Retrieved from Wall Street Journal: http://www.wsj.com/articles/yes-america-should-be-the-worlds-policeman-1415984889

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