Powerpoint Presentation on : Pierre Bourdieu and Anthony Giddens: Social Practices, Structuration and Social Fields, Symbolic Power and Domination custom essay

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Powerpoint Presentation on : Pierre Bourdieu and Anthony Giddens: Social Practices, Structuration and Social Fields, Symbolic Power and Domination

You are required to make one ten
minutes presentation on a theme relevant to one of the weekly topics. You
may, for example, wish to discuss Michel Foucault’s analysis of power or his
ideas regarding sexuality, or Marx’s notion of alienation or Marx’s vision of
class struggle, Durkheim’s conception of the sociological method or his
explanation of religion, Beck’s analysis of terrorism in terms of his idea that
contemporary societies are risk society, and so on. The presentation should
seek to utilize materials that build on those in the course textbook. The
synopses of weekly topics provide further indications of topics that you may
wish to choose as your presentation.

Presentations that merely restate the course text will receive low marks.
Your presentation may overlap the tutorial discussion questions but it should not
be based simply on providing an answer to a discussion question. You should
aim to explain or illuminate some feature of the structure of society or social
life through the theoretical concepts and framework that you are presenting,
for instance, think about how George Ritzer adapted Max Weber’s notion of
rationality to explain MacDonaldization, or, as mentioned above, how Ulrich
Beck uses his conception of risk society to account for current terrorism, or
how Bourdieu explained inequalities in educational outcomes through the
category of capital, but which could be, and has been, extended to other
fields, like sport, art, literature, university. If you require further examples of
this kind of application of theoretical concepts and framework then it may be
useful to consult Kivisto’s book Illuminating Social Life or the sections titled
‘Seeing Things Differently’ in the second edition of Stones (ed) Key Sociological
Thinkers.
A final comment: please keep to the allocated 10 minutes for your
presentation, you will only permitted a small amount of additional time at the
discretion of your tutor, where it is possible and deemed to be warranted.

Pierre Bourdieu and Anthony Giddens: Social Practices and Social Fields,
Symbolic Power and The theory of Structuration
Lecture May 9
Pierre Bourdieu is probably unique amongst his contemporaries for his
combination of theory and detailed empirical social scientific studies.
Bourdieu has developed a distinctive conceptual arsenal, framed by an
exploration of the category of practice. Bourdieu attempts to overcome the
persistent contrasts in sociological theory between action and structure,
subjectivity and objectivity, the symbolic and the material. The concepts of
habitus, field and capital are critical to his attempted solutions to these
oppositions and his substantive research into topics such as education, taste,
media, suffering, politics and domination. Bourdieu’s influence on
contemporary sociology is immense and his work aims to promote
sociological reflexivity.
Like Bourdieu, Anthony Giddens sought to overcome what he perceived to be
the dichotomy between social action and social structure in most sociological
theory. This endeavour led him to develop a theory of structuration, which
emphasised the significance of action to the reproduction of social structure
and the significance of social structure to action. Giddens developed a range
of innovative categories and concepts to work through the implication of this
understanding of the constitution of society. In particular, Giddens
highlighted the significance of time and space in social relations and the
implications of reflexivity for social agency. In his later works, Giddens
focussed on the emergence of late-modernity and globalisation, as well as
deploying certain elements of his theory in his writings on the third way.

Readings

Calhoun, C. et. al. (2007) “Introduction to Part VI” in C. Calhoun et. al. (2007)
Contemporary Sociological Theory London: Blackwell pp. 259- 266

Bourdieu, P (1998) Practical Reason Stanford University Press: Stanford pp. 113;
31-34(Social Space and Symbolic Space) & (Appendix: Social Space and Field of Power Calhoun, C. et. al. (2007) “Introduction to Part V” in C. Calhoun et. al. (2007)
Contemporary Sociological Theory London: Blackwell pp. 219- 224

Giddens, A (2007) “Some New Rules of the Sociological Method [1976]” in in
C. Calhoun et. al. (2007) Contemporary Sociological Theory London: Blackwell
pp. 225-230

Giddens, A (2007) “Agency, Structure [1979]” in C. Calhoun et. al. (2007)
Contemporary Sociological Theory London: Blackwell pp. 231-242

Tutorial Discussion Questions
If two groups of people were playing a sport, but only one group had been
practicing (because they knew the rules of the game) beforehand, which
group do you think would win? Would the group that had been practicing be
more likely to win if they also invented and interpreted the rules of the game?
What is the relevance of these questions to key ideas of Bourdieu’s sociology
like, field, capital, habitus and reproduction?
What does Giddens mean by the duality of structure?
In opposition to Giddens, Margaret Archer has suggested that there are
substantial and necessary reasons for the distinction between agency and
structure. Do you agree?

Bourdieu
Bourdieu, P. (1990) “Social Space and Symbolic Power” in Bourdieu, P. In
Other Words Polity Press, Cambridge
Bourdieu, P. & Wacquant, L. (1992) An invitation to reflexive sociology Chicago:
University of Chicago Press
Brubaker, R (1985) “Rethinking Classical Theory – The Sociological Vision of
Pierre Bourdieu” Theory and Society 14 pp. 723-744
Jenkins, R. (1992) Pierre Bourdieu London: Routledge pp. 66-102 (Ch. 4:
Practice, Habitus and Field)
Postone, M., LiPuma, E. & Calhoun, C. (1993) ‘Introduction: Bourdieu and
Social Theory’ in C. Calhoun, E. LiPuma & M. Postone (eds) Bourdieu: Critical
Perspectives Cambridge, Polity Press
Ritzer, G. & Goodman, D. J. (2003) Sociological Theory Sixth Ed. Boston:
McGraw Hill (‘Pierre Bourdieu’s Reflexive Sociology’ A5-A7 (Appendix))
Susen, S. & Turner, B. (eds) (2011) The Legacy of Pierre Bourdieu: Critical Essays
London: Anthem Press 2011
Swartz, D. (1997) Culture and Power: The Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu Chicago:
University of Chicago Press
Webb, J., Schirato, T. & Danaher G. (2002) Understanding Bourdieu Crows Nest:
Allen & Unwin
Giddens
Archer, M. (1982) “Structuration versus Morphogenesis: On Combining
Structure and Action”, British Journal of Sociology 33 (4): 445-483
Cohen, I. (1989) Structuration Theory London: Macmillan
Giddens, A (1985) The Constitution of Society Cambridge: Polity Press
Giddens, A. (1991) Modernity and Self-Identity Cambridge: Polity
Giddens, A. (1990) The Consequences of Modernity Cambridge: Polity Press
Giddens, A. (1994) Beyond Left and Right: The Future of Radical Politics
Cambridge: Polity Press
Giddens, A. (2000) The Third Way and its Critics Cambridge: Polity Press
Loyal, S. (2003) The Sociology of Anthony Giddens London: Pluto Press
Ritzer, G. & Goodman, D. J. (2003) Sociological Theory Sixth Ed. Boston:
McGraw Hill
Stones, R. (2005) Structuration Theory Houndsmill: Palgrave Macmillan
Tucker, K. (1998) Anthony Giddens and Modern Social Theory London: Sage

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