You should begin working on the Book Review during Module 4 and submit it in Module 7
This course includes the book, Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy edited by Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Hochschild.
Read the book and respond to the following:
1.Give an overview of the themes of Global Woen and mention some of the specific topics covered
2.Select two of the essays in the book and summarize the concerns presented
3.How are these concerns linked to globalization?
4.What policies are called for?
5.What is your personal reaction to the essays?
Be sure to submit your project in one WORD document in APA format and email to your instructor.
The paper should be double-spaced and should be between 1000 – 1250 words, excluding the title page and references
Hillary N. Fouts, �Families in Central Africa: A Comparison of Bofi Farmer and Forager Families�
This article describes and compares Bofi farmers and foragers in Central Africa. General background information on the culture and subsistence activities is provided. Data was gathered through participant observation, verbal questionnaires, and ethnological observations. Both groups share some similar patterns of social organization, but also afford some contrasts. Bofi foragers are highly egalitarian, while Bofi farmers recognize age and gender hierarchies.
Fertility and mortality rates are noted, as well as marriage and divorce patterns, and family roles.
A central focus of the article is on parent-child relations and the customs of childcare: the use of language, methods of holding, breastfeeding and weaning and discipline are all addressed. Again, the groups are compared. The subsistence activities are reflected in the values held important for the socialization process.
Finally, the article describes beliefs held by the two groups regarding spirits and sorcery, which is linked to the pattern of sharing and trust. Autonomy and communalism are also two prominent schema in the childrearing process.
The Bofi represent indigenous people. Around the world, indigenous peoples become less and less isolated and external forces intrude more and more into their traditional way of life. With globalization and the global market, native people see their lands encroached upon, forests logged, their minerals mined, and animals hunted, and they even face global warming as a variable undermining their way of life. There are indigenous organizations forming global links as indigenous peoples try to resist these destructive forces. about the environment, indigenous people become a model for how to live in a sustainable manner.
Engela Pretorious, “Family Life in South Africa”
Pretorious sets the context for the contemporary family in South Africa by noting its racial history and the shifting governance structure, the imposition of tribal identities, and homelands. Apartheid policies are described and the African renaissance in their aftermath. Complex linguistic divisions are explained, and the two broad groupings of African speaking peoples, the Nguni and the Sotho. In non-urban areas many Africans continue to live in the traditional manner, unlike in the urban areas, where many of the customs have become irrelevant. Many changes in family life reflect the underlying demographic trends, which are described.
The ethnic diversity of South Africa accounts for the considerable variation in family life. Although it is reductionistic, the author uses the conventional division into blacks (Africans), Colored, Indian, and white population groups. The evolution of the family of each group is described and the structures of each.
Special attention is given to the marriage customs among Africans and the Indian population.
Pretorious notes the largely patriarchal nature of South African society although there is movement away from it. Marital and household roles are examined, especially the discrepancies in men�s and women�s task performance. Lacking comparative data, the discussion of parental roles and socialization practices is restricted to the African family. Some puberty rites are described, although initiations are changing.
Intergenerational family relationships are also changing, with the decline in parental authority. The decline in parental authority is one of the most serious problems, with multifaceted causes, including the absence of fathers, bad parental roles, youth revolution of the 1960s, poverty, migratory labor, lack of education, and Westernization. With an increasing number of elders, the role of grandparents has become a significant feature of family life. Grandparents are an important source of strength for the family, and various demographic patterns have led to their assuming more supportive roles.
South Africa acquired a new constitution in 1996. Several provisions support for the rights of family members, and influence family policy.
Material from an international HIV/AIDS charity provides the statistics on AIDS orphans, with the greatest number in sub-Sahara Africa. The scale of the problem is discussed. Extended families would have taken in AIDS orphans, but many family structures are at the breaking point. Poverty worsens with AIDS.
The way forward is prevention and care. It is generally agreed that the best care for AIDS orphans is to maintain them in their communities, keep siblings together, empower the children, protect their legal and human rights, and keep orphans in school. Institutional care is impractical.
The reading discusses the difficulties faced by AIDS orphans, including the distress that begins well before the death of a parent, the death and the aftermath.
The responses of three countries to the problem of AIDS orphans illuminates some of the policy reactions to the challenge.
Roopnarine & Gielen, Chapters 20 and 21
Materials on Orphans AIDS Orphans
Module 7 brings us to our last continent for study, Africa. This Module is concerned with contrasting Bofi farmers and foragers. Here, the relevance of economic activities for family organization and values is underscored. Bofi foragers represent an egalitarian society, so you will consider the conditions supportive of this kind of equality, as developed nations move toward that ideal. Module 7 also focuses on South Africa, which, as Africa�s most prosperous nation, is a complex society with major divisions of population groups and the history of apartheid. Two groups in particular, Africans and Indians, are the subject of the reading. Some of the intergenerational changes in the South African family, as well as demographic patterns, are contributing to the crisis of AIDS orphans, who are numerous throughout Africa. With this last topic, think about how epidemics such as AIDS can decimate families.
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