a) Identify the type of organisational structure adopted to organise and deliver the 2012 Olympic Games. Analyse the main benefits associated with that structure, and suggest what problems the organisers might experience as a result of the structure.
b) Using Handy’s model as a framework for discussion, analyse the potential problems associated with a project involving a mix of different organisations and cultures.
The London 2012 Olympic Games are being delivered through a structure designed to ensure that both the games themselves and their legacy are successful.
The following Government briefing note summarises the key roles and responsibilities of the main bodies involved:
‘London 2012 – who does what’
Government Olympic Executive
The GOE is the section within the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) which oversees the London 2012 project on behalf of the Government, ensuring that it is delivered on time, within budget, represents value for public money and benefits the whole of the UK. This is done across the project by identifying and solving problems, delivering the public sector effort and being accountable to Parliament and the public.
The London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games
LOCOG is the private company responsible for staging the London 2012 Games and reports to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
Olympic Delivery Authority
The ODA is the non-departmental public body responsible for building the permanent venues and infrastructure needed for the Games.
The Mayor of London
The Mayor of London leads on delivering the legacy of the London 2012 Games for London and ensuring that people across the capital benefit from London’s role as the host city. He is also responsible for ensuring the smooth running of London during Games-time whilst also delivering an outstanding 2012 experience for residents and visitors.
Olympic Park Legacy Company
The OPLC is a not-for-profit company responsible for the long-term planning, development, management and maintenance of the Olympic Park and its facilities after the Games.
London Development Agency
The LDA is responsible for delivering and maximising the long-term sustainable benefits of the London 2012 Games for London’s communities and economy.
British Olympic Association
As the National Olympic Committee for Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the BOA is responsible for the selection, preparation and management of TeamGB at every Games, including the London 2012 Olympics. It is also in charge of developing the Olympic movement throughout the UK.
British Paralympic Association
A registered charity, the BPA is the National Paralympic Committee for Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Under the brand name ParalympicsGB, it selects, prepares and manages the British Paralympic team at each Paralympic Games and raises the money to meet the costs that this entails.
The Olympic Board
The Olympic Board is co-chaired by the Secretary of State for Culture, the Olympics, Media and Sport and the Mayor of London, and is responsible for coordinating the successful delivery of the Games and its legacy. Other members are the BOA chairman and the chair of LOCOG.
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