On December 7, 1941 a successful surprise attack was carried out by the Japanese on the Pearl Harbor where more than 2400 people lost their lives, 1300 others had injuries, more than 1000 went missing, and 18 American ships and other properties were damaged. The Pearl Harbor was a United States Naval Base in Hawaii that is located on Ahu Island (Barnhart, 1987).
The WWII was in top gear by the year 1941 where Germany was a favorite to win and gain control of France, England and Poland but this was not the case after the United States intervened and changed the focus of the war (Prange, et al. 1988). Earlier in September 1940 Japanese had allied to Germany and Italy due to their natural resources needs from Southeast Asia controlled by Germany. The US president at the time Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to put to an end to the expansion of Germany and Japan.
After Japan seized the southern part of Indo China, America reacted through placing embargos on the Japanese oil ships. This was perceived as a sign of war by the Japanese authorities since oil was essential for military and industrial use (Prange, et al. 1988). Numerous efforts to come to an agreement throughout 1941 never bore fruits thought the demands were simple. The Japanese wanted a lift of the embargo while America insisted it would lift it if Japan stopped its aggression on China. This was never agreed on and a looming war initiated (Prange, et al. 1988).
America set its military forces i.e. the Pacific fleet to the Pacific Ocean which then in April it moved to Pearl Harbor. The Japanese on the other hand pulled a surprise attack at 7:50 AM on December 7, 1941 (Smith, 1999). Over 350 Japanese bombers, fighters and torpedoes attacked leaving over 200 aircrafts and 18 US destroyed and a trail of death. This intensified the WWII with other counter attacks followed. This was a very successful attack for the Japanese though it was a necessary evil.
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